Pediatric Flat Foot
Pediatric flat foot is a common condition and is diagnosed most often in children between the ages of 2-12. Most flat foot conditions are congenital, meaning it was inherited from a family member. Flat foot can be either rigid or flexible and the treatment options vary based on age and type of condition.
Rigid Flat Foot
Rigid flat foot is a condition where the arch is permanently collapsed regardless of loading. The rigid nature of this condition can cause pain in the rearfoot joints and along the arch and heel. Most patient diagnosed with this condition benefit from custom orthotics. When the patient reaches skeletal maturity, there are surgical options that may be considered to create an arch structure.
Flexible Flat Foot
Flexible pediatric flat foot is a condition where the patient has an arch when they are off weight bearing, but it collapses during stance. Patients often develop pain in the heels and along the arch or in the side of the foot at the attachment of the posterior tibial tendon. Bunions, hammer toes and other disorders may also occur.
Flat Foot Treatment
Flat foot treatment depends on the cause, rigidity and age of the patient. Most patients with this condition can benefit from a custom orthotics device. This can help to support the arch structure relieving pain.
Surgical options can also be considered. Patients over the age of 8 may be candidates for a simple surgery to help lift the arch and control pronation (inward rolling of the foot). A small implant called an Arthroeresis can be placed in the foot to help prevent arch collapse. Other surgical options include bone wedges to correct the arch and reposition the heel.
If your child has a flat foot and you would like to have evaluated, give us a call at 480-632-5757 or visit us online to schedule an appointment.